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 2012 Census of Agriculture


Census Countdown Begins for America’s Farmers and Ranchers

America’s farmers and ranchers will soon have the opportunity to make a positive impact on their communities by taking part in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's 2012 Census of Agriculture. Conducted every five years by the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), the Census is a complete count of all U.S. farms andranches and those who operate them.

NASS will mail out Census forms in late December, to collect data for the 2012 calendar year. Completed forms are due by February 4, 2013. Producers can fill out the Census online via a secure website, www.agcensus.usda.gov, or return their form by mail. Federal law requires all agricultural producers to participate in the Census and requires NASS to keep all individual information confidential.

The Census is the only source of uniform, comprehensive agricultural data for every county in the nation. It’s a critical tool that gives farmers a voice to influence decisions that will shape the future of their community, industry and operation.
The Census looks at land use and ownership, operator characteristics, production practices, income and expenditures and other topics. This information is used by all those who serve farmers and rural communities from federal, state and local governments to agribusinesses and trade associations. For example, legislators use the data when shaping farm policy and agribusinesses factor it into their planning efforts.

Your answers to the Census impact farm programs and rural services that support your community. So do your part and be counted when you receive your form, because there’s strength in numbers that only the Census can reveal.
In 2007, U.S. farmers reported over two million farms, spanning across more than 922 million acres. This showed nearly a 4 percent increase in the number of U.S. farms from the previous Census in 2002. These new farms tended to have more diversified production, fewer acres, lower sales and younger operators who also worked off-farm. This telling information and thousands of statistics are only available every five years as a direct result of farmer responses to the Census.

For more information, visit www.agcensus.usda.gov.
For an FAQ sheet about the Census. Or watch the NASS Census Video